«Предмет поставки», «предмет снабжения» (Item of Supply) – концепция системы каталогизации NATO (NATO Codification System – NCS), определяется как предмет, который приобретается для удовлетворения определенной потребности. «Предмет поставки» может совпадать с «предметом производства», произведенным конкретным производителем, либо включать в себя несколько различных «предметов производства». Предмет поставки может быть определен применительно к определенной «закупочной организации», которая определяет требования к нему.
Несколько «предметов производства» относятся к одному «предмету поставки», если они имеют эквивалентные значения основных характеристик. Для идентификации «предмета поставки» закупочная организация определяет состав основных характеристик (fundamental characteristics) и их значения, которые признаются эквивалентными для каждого класса продукции.
Continue reading “Что такое «предмет поставки» и можно ли найти его в Каталоге ТРУ?”
Some time ago, I bought a wonderful dress by Derhy in St. Petersburg, Russia. At the same time, my friend has returned from Mumbai, where she bought a dress designed by the famous Indian brand Label Ritu Kumar. Surprisingly these dresses were identical! The only difference was the label.
Thanks to Thomas L. Friedman we all know that the world is flat. Even though we can see that not everything is as simple as Coca Cola. Who is the actual designer of the dress? Are there some ghost fashion factories that sell their product for brands?
Actualog helps to define the single version of truth, identify products and define their analogues. The dress example shows that brand sometimes does not matter, and different products are actually the same. This idea has significant importance for global procurement, when product characteristics are important and alternatives should be be found.
The borderline between professional and personal consumption is blurring. At the same time products designed for professionals and corporate clients are increasingly being used by individuals because of lowering prices and imprved ease of use, and more and more often high-quality consumer goods are utilized for professional goals.
We observe the trend that more and more products are produced for both business and private users. For example, the growing popularity of home medicine encourages production of medical devices that can be used both by patients and by physicians.
This poses a challenge for Product Information Management (PIM) disciplines. In fact, products now need to be sliced and diced to serve different types of consumers. This means that a product sold via B2B channels has attributes relevant for that channel. The same product sold to end-user may have different attributes and incorporate additional information from customer reviews, comments, etc.
Sometimes we are confronted with the fact that manufacturers don’t open all the details about their product to the clients, don’t provide any product specifications that reflect products properties and characteristics at open access.
Typically, the reasons for such secrecy is:
- manufacturer beleives that customers don’t need product information (before they buy something);
- menufacturer or distributor is deliberatly hiding the information to get an opportunity to meet with the client (to influence the client);
- understanding that the product has worse characteristics in comparison with the competitors;
- the parameters cannot be set and vary according to the customer (this may be true for the weapons supplied to various parties, or complex equipment, supplied in different countries);
- ordinary laziness and unwillingness to invest into data quality.
Fortunately, most manufacturers want to provide quality information about their products and willling make the necessary efforts and willing to invest into data quality.
At the same time customers stimulate suppliers to provide quality information setting product information quality as the one of the selection criteria.
Today many businesses are launching cost reduction initiatives.
Procurement optimizations has a significant cost-saving potential. Procurement consolidation, contract management, category management and other initiatives need special tools. It is required to ensure purchased products data quality too conduct spend analysts and support the consolidation.
Actualog supports cost-saving initiatives in global companies. On the buy-side, product sources from suppliers is often inaccurate and incomplete. The imperative here is to ensure a single version of the truth regarding product to be used in all information systems. Large corporations procuring hundreds of thousands items and using multiple information systems are constantly faced with this product information management challenge. PIM initiatives drive procurement savings and reduce working capital by refining, consolidating, and centrally managing product information.
Learn more from our presentation.